Every generation has its heroes.
ALICE DUNBAR-NELSON (1875–1935), poet, novelist, journalist, teacher, diarist, women’s suffrage organizer, civil rights leader, lecturer, political leader, and survivor of intimate partner violence, is a hero for our time. She combined her skills as an author and political activist to fight for social change.
Born into the first generation of Black Americans after the end of slavery, Dunbar-Nelson represents a bridge between the Reconstruction Era following the Civil War and the civil rights movement of the mid-1900s. Her writings and social causes, which centered on race, gender, and power, feel as urgent today as they did during Dunbar-Nelson’s lifetime.
This exhibition uses an archive of Alice Dunbar-Nelson’s life—consisting of her diaries, letters, photographs, scrapbooks, and many other artifacts—to introduce the author to Philadelphia, a city she called home. Help us discover this influential figure.
As you explore the exhibition, we invite you to consider how Alice Dunbar-Nelson’s life and work can inspire residents of the United States today. How much has changed for women (especially women of color), LGBTQ+ people, Black Americans, and other people of color since Dunbar-Nelson pursued her activism in the early 20th century? How can we carry on the work she started? How can artifacts found in museums, libraries, and archives help us discover previously overlooked historical figures?
Thematic sections structure “I Am an American!,” meaning that the exhibition offers interpretive views into the life, times, and work of Alice Dunbar-Nelson.Thus, the documents and objects on view are not organized chronologically.
Timeline of Alice Dunbar-Nelson’s Life
And a Note on Name Variants
Alice Dunbar-Nelson was known by—and published under—many names during her life, including Alice Ruth Moore, Alice Dunbar, and finally Alice Dunbar-Nelson. She also used various pseudonyms, or pen names. This variety reflects name changes in light of her marriages, as well as how she chose to identify herself in her published works. We have chosen to use the name “Alice Dunbar-Nelson” throughout the interpretive text in “I Am an American!” for purposes of clarity.
This exhibition addresses topics including intimate partner abuse, sexual assault, and race-based violence.
For the optimal viewing experience, please engage with this exhibition from a desktop or laptop computer. (The exhibition has also been designed to function on mobile devices.)